Research Report on Migrants' Spouses and Family Members staying behind in Azerbaijan
The study on Migrants’ Spouses and Family Members Staying Behind in Azerbaijan reveals that the decisive factors leading to migration are the lack of jobs and the absence of financial means to meet current needs.
The research data reveal that the socio-economic condition of the families staying behind is poor; they lack sufficient financial means to meet the daily basic needs of their family members.
The recommendations provided in the study highlight a number of proposals regarding amendments to legislation (the Family Code), the introduction of some protection mechanisms (monitoring and evaluation of families staying behind by social workers) and support for the family members staying behind (providing consultancy on employment or legal issues, training courses, medical advice, social and/or psychological services etc.) based on the specific needs that have been identified.
The reports mentions the followings:
- Men are the ones who are mostly involved in the migration process, while women are obliged to remain in the country in order to raise and educate their children
- When husbands migrate to work abroad, new and extra responsibilities are added to those which spouses already have
- The lack of communication with migrant husbands over long periods represents a specific challenge for Azerbaijani families
- Migration and the lack of communication affects not only the wives but also the children staying behind in Azerbaijan, who need their father’s support and appraisal.
- Azerbaijan currently lacks any forms of support or social services designed for women and children staying behind