6 Develop a global partnership for development

Where are we?

With continuing oil revenue and sound macro-economic policies, Azerbaijan no longer needs to accept a relationship of dependence with the developed world based on foreign aid and debt relief.  While Azerbaijan still receives Official Development Assistance (ODA), it no longer depends on foreign aid to meet its public spending requirements.

Even more so, Azerbaijan now has the potential to become an emerging donor to developing countries.  Hence, MDG 8 in Azerbaijan is conceptually different to the way most other developing countries have defined it. 

Azerbaijan seeks a partnership of interdependence with the developed world where all countries mutually benefit. What Azerbaijan needs from the developed world is to be allowed to fully benefit from the free flow of goods and services, capital and labour between countries which is the ideal of the modern trend towards globalization.

Azerbaijan is exploring the potential of becoming a donor itself as already demonstrated by the country’s generous donations of funds to natural disaster relief and peacekeepers to some of the world’s, increased share of funding to international projects and the recent decision to establish Azerbaijan International Development Agency.

Since this is a true partnership with the developed world rather than a one-sided relationship between a giver and a receiver, Azerbaijan also needs to fulfill its side of the bargain by completing its transition to the market economy and by opening the country up to the outside world. 

Another important way for Azerbaijan to capitalize on its geographic comparative advantage of being at the crossroads of Europe and Asia is by further developing its transport infrastructure in all modes to facilitate trade, investment and travel with the rest of the world.

 

Trends in net ODA received as percentage of GNI

Bar Chart

1.35 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population