Jamila Ibrahimova, Assistant Resident Representative, Jamila.Ibrahimova@undp.org
Preparation of the Demographic Study for Azerbaijan
Population dynamics, including growth rates, age structure, fertility and mortality, migration and more, influence every aspect of human, social and economic development.
There is now strong evidence that demographic change has a major impact on the course of economic growth. The links between demographic change and economic growth are viewed as an interacting system with feedback in both directions. For example, public health measures that increase life expectancy can lead to an increase in saving and education rates, thereby setting off economic growth. Rising incomes can lead to a reduction in fertility that may trigger a virtuous spiral of falling dependency ratios, greater investment in education, and further economic growth.
As people’s economic behaviour and needs vary at different stages of life, changes in a country’s age structure can have significant effects on its economic performance. Policymakers with a broad view of development and the complex relations between economic and human development must factor these effects of changing age structure into decisions about their countries’ future.
This study aims to analyze the demographic trends in Azerbaijan, their impact on economic and social development and advise the decision-makers on how to maximize the benefits of the demographic situation and address existing and potential challenges.
The following chapters were produced:
- Population growth and structure;
- Ethnic structure;
- Family and marriage;
- Fertility and family planning
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