Clima East Pilot Project "Ecosystem-based approaches to climate change"
Climate change is the overarching factor exacerbating the human-caused degradation of pastures in the Greater Caucasus. Climate change will impact and is thought to already be impacting the composition, extent and distribution of pastures in the Greater Caucasus. Despite the fact that climate change will be quite favorable for summer pastures, their area will not expand, and might even diminish. This will be mainly caused by soil erosion and an increasing use of lands for crops as well as increased evaporative demands.
The project will be co-funded by the European Union and UNDP. Clima East is a 4 year project funded by the EU supporting ENP East countries and Russia to equip for greenhouse gas emission reduction and prepare them to cope to climate change impacts.
The purpose of the project is to support the design and application of sustainable pasture management practices in the country with the overall objective of improving pasture/soil condition in the selected target zones (Ismayilli region) that would ultimately result in improved soil condition and land management practices which leads to enhanced CO2 sequestration and absorption by the grasslands.
The project will facilitate the carbon stock measurements and pasture monitoring on restored areas. Pasture monitoring manuals of GIZ will be used to conduct the monitoring of soil and vegetation conditions in the target zones. Trainings and study tours will be organized to ensure the sustainability of the effective pasture management.
Providing pasture restoration treatments designed to enhance carbon is critical as soil carbon of these mountain pastures has decreased. The purpose of increasing carbon stocks is not only important from a climate change perspective, but is critical on these sites to increase ecological resilience
- Pasture inventory is completed for at least 3,000 ha of land in target zones. Updated information on soil and vegetation cover of newly inventoried pastures is available. Baseline carbon storage capacity for target zones is calculated
- The project will demonstrate several experimental restoration treatments to enhance carbon pools such as reseeding of extremely degraded pastures; inter-seeding, removal of livestock grazing on steep slopes, rest of eroded areas for a minimum of 4 years and rotation grazing.
- Carbon storage potential will be increased by at least 8% in comparison with the baseline years by the end of project
- More than 20 national specialists will be trained on how to use new carbon monitoring framework
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