Improving Solid Waste Management


 Per capita waste generation capacity study in Ismayilly rayon

With Azerbaijan’s fast economic growth, the household consumption of products and services has been increasing, resulting in larger quantities of domestic wastes produced. The system of municipal waste collection, transportation and disposal works well in Baku, but  existing landfills do not meet international sanitary standards and can be a source of diseases and destructive for the landscape. The rural areas are only partly covered by waste services. Re-use and recycling of waste is done on a limited scale. The Government of Azerbaijan has included the waste management as one of the key priorities of the National Sustainable Development Strategy, and has been able to accomplish considerable progress in solid waste management (SWM). In order to continue the efficiency-driven reforms in this area, the Government has requested UNDP’s technical assistance for improving the solid waste management in the country.

Project Goals

The goal of the project was to contribute to the improvement of the national system of solid waste management in Azerbaijan by producing five outputs:

  • improvement of the legal framework;
  • improvement of data on waste generation and composition;
  • creation of a solid waste database;
  • capacity building;
  • implementation of a local demonstration project.

Project Accomplishments

  • Project helped to revise regulatory documents on incineration, land-filling, and sanitary norms for solid waste management.
  • Project assisted developing the National Strategy on reduction, recycling and reuse (RRR) of the solid wastes.
  • First-ever studies were conducted on per capita waste generation capacity and waste composition in Baku, Ismayilli, and Sheki. The findings will feed the analysis of current SWM practices and the drafting of new SWM policies.
  • Inventory of the solid waste sites was prepared and laboratory analyses were conducted in 50 districts across the country. The databank was established to store data on quantity and content of solid wastes. These accomplishments are  valuable instruments for gauging the implementation of current SWM policies.



Amount of contribution, US$

Government of Norway




Delivery by years

Fiscal Year

Amount disbursed, USD

2011 268 685 


285 965

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