Taking Collaborative Action on Climate Change

Azerbaijan capitalises on energy efficient architectural design, sustainable transport and access to clean fuel

Mar 6, 2018

Photo: Mark Tegethoff

Baku, 6 March 2018 – In Azerbaijan, the leading source of carbon dioxide, the heat-trapping greenhouse gas (GHG) that has severely driven recent global warming is associated with the oil and gas sector, the main driver of national economy. Carbon emissions occur in the petroleum production and end-use energy consumption sectors due to the combustion of fossil fuel during the oil and natural gas extraction processes, transportation, and in residential facilities, which, altogether, have an overall negative impact on global warming and climate change. To address this environmental challenge, since 2015 UNDP and the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan (SOCAR) have been implementing a series of measures to reduce the amount of GHG released into the atmosphere.

The energy efficiency measures are part of the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions project (NAMA) for low-carbon end-use sectors in Azerbaijan. Funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the project is to continue through 2020 and will draw upon three key areas of intervention. These interventions include the application of energy-efficient technologies in construction design and architecture, enforcement of sustainable driving habits and the provision of clean sources of fuel for cooking and other household purposes.

Through joint efforts, the total area of 10,000 square meters in SOCAR administrative and service buildings has been appointed with energy-saving equipment and environmentally friendly appliances, such as energy-efficient windows, floor heating, energy-efficient ventilation and heat insulation systems, to name a few. Each year, these buildings will benefit approximately 2,500 people. In addition to green building design, safe and energy-efficient driving technologies were introduced in Baku, including eco-driving simulators and hybrid cars, which help transform energy from fuel combustion into electric energy. Coupled with a series of specialised training for approximately 1,200 drivers, these sustainable transport performance measures are estimated to result in the 10 to15 percent of reduction in carbon dioxide emission from vehicles. First applied at SOCAR’s main transport fleet, the initiative aims to establish a precedent for the private sector to further replicate and incorporate environmentally conscious driving options in their own transport systems. As part of the community assistance component within the carbon dioxide emission action plan in Azerbaijan, nearly 600 families across 12 villages of Siyazan (north of Baku), with a total of 2,500 residents living in these households, will now have access to clean cooking fuels, which were not available to them before.

These key facts and figures were highlighted at the energy efficiency conference organised today at SOCAR. Marking an important mid-term milestone of the project, the conference featured some of the key results and future prospects of this pilot initiative that UNDP has been successfully implementing in close cooperation with SOCAR.  

At the opening of the conference, UNDP and the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan signed a Letter of Intent, in which both parties expressed their commitment to continuing the cooperation in the field of environmental protection. The United Nations Resident Coordinator and the UNDP Resident Representative in Azerbaijan Mr. Ghulam Isaczai and President of SOCAR Rovnag Abdullayev expressed mutual interest in enhancing the effectiveness of their development efforts, including but not limited to covering climate change, energy efficiency, emission reduction, and environment protection, as part of the Global Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development Goals.



Contact information

Arzu Jafarli, Communications and External Relations Analyst for UNDP in Azerbaijan, arzu.jafarli@undp.org

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