Climate change is the overarching factor exacerbating the human-caused degradation of pastures in the Greater Caucasus. Climate change will impact and is thought to already be impacting the composition, extent and distribution of pastures in the Greater Caucasus. Despite the fact that climate change will be quite favorable for summer pastures, their area will not expand, and might even diminish. This will be mainly caused by soil erosion and an increasing use of lands for crops as well as increased evaporative demands.
The project will be co-funded by the European Union and UNDP. Clima East is a 4 year project funded by the EU supporting ENP East countries and Russia to equip for greenhouse gas emission reduction and prepare them to cope with climate change impacts.
The purpose of the project is to support the design and application of sustainable pasture management practices in the country with the overall objective of improving pasture/soil condition in the selected target zones (Ismayilli region) that would ultimately result in improved soil condition and land management practices which leads to enhanced CO2 sequestration and absorption by the grasslands.
The project will facilitate the carbon stock measurements and pasture monitoring on restored areas. Pasture monitoring manuals of GIZ will be used to conduct the monitoring of soil and vegetation conditions in the target zones. Trainings and study tours will be organized to ensure the sustainability of the effective pasture management.
Providing pasture restoration treatments designed to enhance carbon is critical as soil carbon of these mountain pastures has decreased. The purpose of increasing carbon stocks is not only important from a climate change perspective, but is critical on these sites to increase ecological resilience