The project will support the government of Azerbaijan through the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources to fulfil its obligations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), in particular to prepare its Fourth National Communication (FNC) and its Second Biennial Reporting (SBUR) in accordance with its commitments as a non-Annex 1 Party to UNFCCC.
Azerbaijan ratified the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1995. The establishment of State Commission on Climate Change followed on 30 April 1997 according to the relevant Presidential Decree. In 2000, Azerbaijan joined the Kyoto Protocol as a non-Annex | country. In order to better coordinate environmental and climate change policy the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources was established on 23 May 2001 instead of the State Committee on Ecology. Additionally, the State Committee on Hydrometeorology, which previously was an independent agency, became part of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources,
Although as a non-Annex | country to the Convention, Azerbaijan has not undertaken the quantitative obligations on reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, the country has implemented a number of measures to mitigate the impact of climate change and continues its activity in this direction, which is evidenced by the increased use of renewable energy sources, application of more efficient energy technologies, the use of gas instead of fuel oil in thermal power stations, restoration of forests and the establishment of new forest areas, the improvement of waste management and others in the region.
As part of its international commitments under this Convention, the Government of Azerbaijan ensures regular reporting of climate change related trends and developments in the form of national communications and biennial update reports. In this regard, the government developed and submitted its First, Second and Third National Communications in 2001, 2010 and 2016 respectively. In addition to the National Communications, Azerbaijan has also submitted its First Biennial Updated Report (FBUR) on March 31, 2015 and communicated its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC Secretariat on September 29, 2015. In accordance with INDC the country targets 35% reduction in the level of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to the base year (1990) as its contribution to the global climate change efforts.
Since the ratification of the UNFCCC and joining the Kyoto Protocol, Azerbaijan has adopted and implemented several national strategies and sectorial policies aimed at reducing the impacts of the climate change, mitigation and adaptation strategies and emissions reduction.
Based on the GHG inventory, carried out within the framework of the first Biennial Update Report, the energy sector was responsible for 75.6% of the overall national emissions in 2010, This signifies the importance of activities implemented in the energy sector, in terms of mitigating the effects of GHG emissions on climate change.
The continuation of preparation of national communications and biennial update reports to the UNFCCC aims to strengthen information base, and the analytical and technical capacity of the Key national institutions to integrate climate change priorities into national development strategies and relevant sectorial policies. The process of preparation of the Fourth National Communication (FNC) and Second Biennial Update Report (SBUR) will continue the ongoing dialogue, information exchange and partnership among relevant stakeholders, including government, civil society, academia, private sector and international development partners.
In order to fulfil the obligations arisen from Copenhagen, Durban and Lima COP decisions related to the submission of national communications and biennial update reports, support from the Global Environment Facility is needed to continue to develop and consolidate the existing technical and institutional capacity and to continue the efforts of integrating climate change into national plans, policies and programmes. This will ensure sound and informed policies are in place to achieve the targets communicated to the UNFCCC in Azerbaijan's INDC.
Building on the previously prepared national communications and biennial update report, Azerbaijan plans to submit its Second Biennial Update Report and Fourth National Communication to the UNFCCC in December 2017 and December 2020 respectively.
- Assist Azerbaijan in its efforts to fulfil its obligations under UNFCCC; allow the country to lay the foundations to strengthen the existing institutional arrangements and support the long term targets aimed at reversing the impacts of climate change.
- Enable Azerbaijan in preparing and submitting its Fourth National Communication and Second Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC in accordance with its commitments as a non-Annex 1 Party to the Convention (as mandated by Articles 4 and 12);
- Support the mainstreaming and integration of climate change into national and sectorial development policies through ensuring continuity of the institutional and technical capacity building, partly initiated and consequently sustained by reporting instruments under the UNFCCC;
- Institutionalize data collection, processing, interpretation and dissemination of GHG inventory and continue building on appropriate and well-informed basis for climate change mitigation, adaptation, education and awareness-raising strategies at local and national levels.